Eczema

Top 5 Types of Eczema: Causes and Treatments

Eczema is a skin disorder that causes your skin to become excessively red and bumpy, so you need an eczema treatment asap. Itching is also a symptom of eczema, which can lead to aches if it worsens. Atopic dermatitis is the medical word for eczema that mainly affects children and teenagers. Eczema is a chronic condition that can occur when a person’s skin is exposed to specific triggers.

Types of Eczema

1. Atopic Dermatitis

This is the most prevalent type of eczema that usually affects children and teenagers. This is a long-term disorder that commonly manifests as eczema flare-ups. Severe bouts can result in acute dryness, itching, thickened and cracked skin, puffiness, and scratches.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

This occurs because of a hereditary condition that causes the skin to lose its natural ability to retain moisture, protecting it from bacteria and other hazardous particles. Your eczema is more likely to flare up when this hereditary step up meets environmental circumstances. This syndrome is frequently associated with food allergies or asthma.

Eczema Treatment

Although there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, you can reduce the frequency of eczema attacks by following a proper skincare routine as an eczema treatment. You must moisturize it frequently as your skin is unable to retain moisturizer. Aside from that, you must stay away from harsh chemicals and dusty environments and keep in touch with your doctor. Your doctor will assess the type of eczema you have and prescribe medication accordingly.

2. Contact Dermatitis

Itching, redness, dryness, and discoloration on the affected areas of skin are common symptoms of contact eczema. Eczema most commonly affects the hands, feet, and face. There are two categories of allergens: a) allergens that directly harm the skin when they are exposed to it, such as dust, cat’s fur, and some types of soaps, and b) those that induce your immune system to respond, resulting in an eczema attack, such as certain types of food.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

As the name implies, this type of eczema is caused by triggers that flare up when specific types of allergens touch your skin. Triggers differ from person to person; if you’re allergic to something, it’s more likely to cause an eczema flare-up.

Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis

Although there is no permanent cure, you can prevent eczema attacks by avoiding their causes. For this, you must identify the triggers of eczema and share this information with your doctor for further eczema treatment. The doctor may do several diagnostic tests to determine whether these triggers are related to eczema or other skin issues. Doctors usually recommend moisturizers and ointments, but if the symptoms are severe, he may prescribe steroids to help temporarily manage them.

3. Neurodermatitis

Neurodermatitis is a severe form of eczema that causes extreme itchiness;

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

The exact cause of this eczema is unknown; however, experts believe that it can be triggered by scratching your skin due to anxiety or stress. It usually begins with an itchy spot of skin that expands out when you scratch it. Your skin becomes excessively dry, red, and leathery in this condition. It emphasizes the effect patch by making it rougher and darker. Legs, arms, neck, ankles, and the anal region (scrotum or anus) are usually affected.

Treatment/Prevention of Atopic Dermatitis

If you have neurodermatitis, you should avoid wearing tight clothing. You must resist the impulse to scratch; this is your self-control exam. If you don’t stop scratching, no treatment will help. Doctors may prescribe medication to alleviate your itching, but you must refrain from scratching to heal.

4. Dyshidrotic Eczema

This is well-known eczema that usually affects the hands and feet. Small lumps or painful blisters on the palm, inside the toes, and under the feet are commonly observed in dyshidrotic eczema.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

This type of eczema mostly affects adults and can be provoked by various circumstances such as stress or any other environmental factor. If you have a specific type of allergy, it may also cause your eczema to flare up. Likewise, metal is a common trigger of dyshidrotic eczema; people who wear metal rings are more likely to get this type of eczema on their hands The attack of dyshidrotic eczema usually starts with a rash of painful, deep-seated blisters, stinging, and burning sensations. The skin dries out, reddens, and peels as blisters heal.

5. Stasis Dermatitis

Stasis Dermatitis is a disorder in which blood flow to the lower part of the body is disrupted owing to many factors, causing your veins to weaken and leading to blood leakage. Redness, itching, swelling, soreness, and thicker skin are common symptoms of stasis dermatitis. Stasis dermatitis is more common in older persons than in children, teenagers, and young people. Certain medical disorders such as high blood pressure, pregnancy, and cardiovascular difficulties are risk factors for this disease.

Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis

Your doctor may recommend vein surgery to fix your veins for normal circulation. To address this ailment, you must identify the underlying causes. To alleviate symptoms, your doctor may prescribe a steroid or other medicine to apply on your ankles and legs, such as moisturizers as an eczema treatment. If your legs are itchy, an antihistamine pill or lotion may help.

References

  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/ retrieved on June 02, 2022.
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atopic-dermatitis-eczema/symptoms-causes/syc-20353273 retrieved on June 02, 2022.
  • https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contact-dermatitis/ retrieved on June 02, 2022.
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/neurodermatitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20375634 retrieved on June 02, 2022.
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/ types of eczema /dyshidrotic-eczema/ retrieved on June 02, 2022.
  • https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/eczema/venous-stasis-dermatitis retrieved on June 02, 2022.
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